JNN 22 April 2014 Bangui : In normal times, the rickety wooden bridges at each end of the red-dirt main street in Boda were gateways to shops and a bustling market in the diamond-mining town in western Central African Republic.
Today, they mark the fine line between life and death for hundreds of Muslims living under siege, encircled by Christian ‘anti-balaka’ militia fighters bent on chasing out the country’s Muslim population.
“We live in a prison,” said Adou Kone, a tailor. “Everything is blocked, nothing comes in. It’s very expensive to buy food … Our life is at a critical stage.”
Boda illustrates the chaos that has gripped Central African Republic since late 2012 when a battle for political power degenerated into clashes between Muslims and Christians that have forced about 1 million people from their homes.
If they stray beyond either bridge, Muslims in Boda say they would be killed, like thousands of other victims of tit-for-tat violence that continue despite the deployment of French and African peacekeepers.
French flags hang from some shacks and a handful of French armoured vehicles sporadically patrol the town, 115 km (70 miles) west of the capital Bangui. In the Muslim neighbourhood, a banner praises French troops – recognition that their plight would have been far worse without the deployment.
The crisis abruptly ended a proud history of Muslims living in harmony alongside the majority Christian population and has prompted warnings of genocide in the former French colony.
“We can wait for 10 years for them to leave – and if they don’t leave, we will still be there, holding our positions,” said Captain Dopani Firmin, the ‘anti-balaka’ chief in Boda, wearing a red Paris St Germain football shirt.
“We cannot accept to live together with Muslims, long-term,” Firmin said. “It’s our right to kill Muslims.”
Virtually all Muslims have fled Bangui since the mainly Muslim Seleka rebels, who seized power in March 2013, were forced to step aside in January. The United Nations has reported a “cleansing” of Muslims from the country’s west.
The United Nations Security Council this month authorised a 12,000-strong U.N. peacekeeping mission, recognition that 6,000 African peacekeepers and 2,000 French troops had failed to stamp their authority on the country. But the operation will take time to roll out and the siege on Muslims in Boda is taking its toll.
“I go to visit … the children who suffer from malnutrition, particularly severe malnutrition, and we find many of them, more than 200 to 300,” said Adam Moussa, a health worker operating out of an office that used to house gold and diamond traders.
Moussa said that several weeks ago four people were dying every day from malnutrition. The rate has since fallen to one death every two days as some aid from the U.N. World Food Programme started reaching the Muslim community.
The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) says over half the population of 4.5 million needs aid but less than 30 percent of the money needed is available.
Refugees are pouring over the border into neighbouring Cameroon at an average of 10,000 every week. “They arrive in poor health and with machetes and gunshot wounds,” OCHA said.
“New arrivals have been forced to walk through the bush for two to three months before reaching the border due to roadblocks set up by armed militias,” it said in a report on Thursday.
The U.N. refugee agency warned this week that the conflict was getting neither the attention nor the aid needed to save lives, and the operation risked going broke.
While they have failed to restore order, the African peacekeeping mission, MISCA, and the French force, Sangaris, are escorting Muslims to safety, mostly in neighbouring Chad.
“If the Muslims want to leave, MISCA and Sangaris can escort them. There’s no problem … we won’t kill them,” said Simbona Guy Copain, a spokesman for the Christian community in Boda.
“All that we want is their departure,” he added. “Their presence hinders the town. We can’t go to the mine, we can’t work, our children are not going to school. You see, it’s hurting us.”