The Holy Month of Ramazan Starts across the World for 2015

Ramazan MubarakJNN 18 June 2015 Karachi : Muslims  Majority across the World will mark the start of Ramadan on Thursday, a month of intense prayer, dawn-to-dusk fasting and Preparing One’s Self to lead a Integrate his / Her Life according to the set Principles of Islam in the daily Routine life .

Muslims follow a lunar calendar and a moon-sighting methodology that can lead to different countries declaring the start of Ramadan a day or two apart. However, this year religious authorities in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iran,,  Indonesia and most other parts of the world announced based on their sightings of the moon that daily fasting began onThursday.

Authorities in Pakistan have yet to announce the sighting of the moon, with the Most Probablity of starting of Ramzan from Friday , 19th June 2015 .

Iraqi Grand Ayatullah Syed Sadiq Shirazi declared Thursday 18th of June as the 30th Shabaan , Thus Friday June 19th will be the First day of Holy month of Ramazan .

During Ramadan, observant Muslims abstain from eating and drinking from sunrise to sunset for the entire month. A single sip of water or a puff of a cigarette is considered enough to invalidate the fast.

The fast is intended to bring the faithful closer to God and to remind them of the suffering of those less fortunate. Muslims often give to charities during the month, and mosques and aid organizations organize free meals for the public every night.

Fasting also is seen as a way to physically and spiritually detoxify through exercising self-restraint. Sexual intercourse between spouses also is off-limits during the day, while Muslims also are encouraged to be mindful of their behavior and to avoid gossiping, cursing and quarreling , as all these things are against the Principles of Islam , all around the year , but Ramzan gives a chance to every Muslims to Practice the set rules of Islam , in the Most Holy Month of Ramazan , which can lead him/ her to Practice it through out the Year .

This year, Ramadan falls during the summer, which means long and hot days of fasting. Mainstream scholars advise Muslims in northern European countries with 16 hours or more of daylight to follow the cycle of fasting of the nearest Muslim majority nation to them to avoid impossibly long hours without food or water.

Chairwoman Pia Jardi at the Finnish Muslim Union in Helsinki said Muslims there will be fasting for 21 hours and have just three hours — or even less — for eating, drinking and prayer before the sun rises again.

“The good thing is that you’ll eat with moderation and that you’ll stick very much into the true, simple spirit of Ramadan,” Jardi said. “Long fasting time means you rarely want to eat heavily.”

The world’s 1.6 billion Muslims traditionally break their fast like the Prophet Muhammad did around 1,400 years ago, with a little Salt ,  sip of water or some dates at sunset. Then family and friends gather for a large feast.

Children, the elderly, the sick, women who are pregnant or menstruating and people traveling are not obligated to fast. Non-Muslims or adult Muslims not observing the fast who eat in public during the day in Ramadan can be fined or even jailed in some Middle Eastern countries, such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, home to large Western expatriate populations in Dubai and Abu Dhabi.

Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam, along with the Muslim declaration of faith, daily prayer, charity and performing the hajj pilgrimage in Mecca.

The Major Event of the Month of Ramzan are Youm e Ali , ( The Martyrdom of Hazrat Ali a.s 19th to 21st Ramazan ) , and the Shab e Qadar , ( Which has to be find among the Odd Days Nights of the Last 10 Days of Ramazan ) , as Praying specially in those Nights is said to be Heavily rewarded By the All Mighty Allah ST .

Muslims celebrate the end of Ramadan with the festivity of Eid al-Fitr, which is a National Holiday in all the Muslim States of the World.

Ramadan: The Month of Mercy

Allah says in the Holy Quran: {The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs of the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong).} (The Heifer, verse 185)

What emphasizes the necessity of preparation for this holy month is that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his Household) used to give his family the good tidings of the advent of this month, and he used to counsel his companions to get ready for its nights and days.

The month of Ramadan is a chance to return to Allah and to transcend spiritually and morally. Thus, it is important that we should heed a number of aspects related to this holy month and to benefit from every minute which passes by.

1-Fasting is for God
A person should be aware that fasting is an honor and that God grants the reward for it, as the Sacred Narration states: “All the deeds of the son of Adam are for him, except fasting; it is for Me and I will give reward for it.”

2-The Month of Blessing and Mercy:
In his sermon on the month of Ramadan, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his Household) said: “It is a month which Almighty Allah regards as the best of all months. Its days, in the sight of Almighty Allah, are the best of days, its nights are the best of nights, and its hours are the best of hours.”

Muslims wait for this month all year long in order to spend it in worship and supplication to God, and there are many special aspects of Ramadan:
-The gates of hell are closed in this month, and the gates of Heaven are opened
-Angels ask God to grant His forgiveness to those who are fasting until they break their fast at the end of the day
-The Night of Destiny is a part of this month, and it is better that one thousand months

3-Reinforcement of Devotion:
Sayyida Fatima (peace be upon her) said: “Allah made fasting obligatory in order to reinforce sincere devotion [to Him].”
The more a person is sincere to God in his intentions and actions, the more will he receive the aid of the Al-Mighty.
God says in the Holy Quran: {And they have been commanded no more than this: to worship Allah, offering Him sincere devotion, being True (in faith); to establish Prayer; and to practice charity; and that is the Religion Right and Straight.} (Surah Al-Bayyina, verse 5)

4-The Month of Patience
In the month of Ramadan, Muslims are obliged to abstain from a number of things during the day such as eating, drinking, and sexual intercourse. The month of Ramadan teaches people to be patient and it enforces their will to avoid sins. If a person is able to abstain from certain matters which are lawful in other than the days of Ramadan, then he/she is able to abstain from sins.

5-The Month when the Devil is in Shackles
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his Household) said: “Shall I inform you of something which if you perform then Satan will be far from you like [the distance] between the East and the West?”
They said: “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.”
He answered: “Fasting darkens his face, charity breaks his back, love in Allah and assistance in performing righteous deeds uproot him, and asking for forgiveness cuts off his artery.”

6-The Reward is Heaven
A Sacred Narration states: “One who fasts has two joys: When he breaks his fast and eats and drinks, and when he meets Me and I admit him to Heaven.”

Rules of Fasting

What Must Be Avoided during Fasting

When a person is fasting, he should avoid a few things and if he intentionally commits any of them his fast will become void. In what follows, we shall mention these matters and give details on each one of them.

1- Eating and Drinking

If a person intentionally eats or drinks during the day, his fast will become void. He must abstain from any form of food or liquids. There is no difference if the food or liquids are edible and drinkable such as bread or water, or if they are not such as paper and dirtà A person must abstain from anything which can be consumed.

There is also no difference in quantity. Even a single drop of water or a grain of wheat invalidates the fast.

We must also point out that eating or drinking from a means other than the mouth –for example: the nose – also invalidates the fast.

a) It invalidates the fast to swallow the remains of food on the teeth intentionally.
However, if one did not swallow them intentionally or if he were not aware that there were bits of food on his teeth then his fast remains valid.

b) Swallowing phlegm which comes up from the chest or nasal mucus does not invalidate the fast but under the condition that they do not enter the mouth. If phlegm or mucus reaches the mouth, one must spit them out. If he does not spit them out and intentionally swallows them, then as obligatory caution he should continue his fast and fast this day again.

c) One can swallow saliva in the mouth no matter how much the quantity. But for example if he puts an object in his mouth such as a thread and when he takes it out of his mouth it has saliva on it and then puts this object once more in his mouth, he should not swallow this saliva. If he intentionally swallows it then his fast becomes void.
However, if this saliva on the object becomes mixed with the saliva in the mouth in a way where it is not considered as if he has swallowed something external, then his fast is valid.

d) A person who is fasting may brush his teeth with or without toothpaste, but if he swallows any particles intentionally his fast becomes void.

e) If vapor which is inhaled through the nose or the mouth becomes liquid and a person swallows it intentionally, then his fast becomes invalid.

f) If a person eats or drinks forgetting that he is in a state of fasting, then his fast remains valid with no difference if the fast were in the holy month of Ramadan or not.

2- Medication

Kidney Disease
If a person has kidney stones and the prevention or treatment of this ailment requires that he should drink water or any other liquids during the day because he is unable to fast or it is very difficult for him, then it is not obligatory that he should fast. He can offer this fast at a later time providing that he is healed before the following month of Ramadan and if he is not healed then he should not offer this fast and should only pay a fidya.

If a person has asthma or breathing problems and he cannot fast or it is very difficult for him without using an inhaler, then he is allowed to use it. As an obligatory caution, he should not eat or drink anything else. If he is able to fast these days later, then he should do so. (This is all in the case if the air which comes out of the inhaler contains medicine -even in the form of particles for example- and it enters into the throat.)

-Insulin injections which diabetics take do not invalidate the fast.
-If injections which are given under the skin are not nutritional and are not for strengthening the body, then they do not invalidate the fast.
-As a caution, transfusing blood into the body through the veins makes the fast void. However, taking blood out of the body does not invalidate the fast.

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